The international media watch dog Reporters Without Borders (RSF) in a statement expressing alarm over resurgence in Sri Lankan police attacks on Tamil journalists urged the authorities to ensure that the police stop harassing and intimidating reporters in Northern Sri Lanka.
The Paris-based media watchdog called on the Sri Lankan authorities to punish those responsible for recent acts of violence and harassment of journalists and to ensure that the police stop harassing and intimidating reporters covering the problems that the Tamil minority still endure ten years after the end of the civil war.
The RSF highlighting the case of police intimidation of Kanapathipillai Kumanan, a journalist working for the Tamil daily Virakesari said the unacceptable violence against the journalist should not go unpunished.
According to RSF, the May 27 violence against the Virakesari reporter was the third reported attack on a journalist of Tamil origin since the start of the year.
Kumanan was working on a story about a Hindu temple in the district of Mullaitivu, when a police officer hit him, threw his camera to the ground and threatened him with worse violence if he reported this attack.
The focus of a conflict between the Hindu Tamil minority and the mainly Buddhist Sinhalese majority, the temple has been occupied for the past few years by Buddhist monks, who changed its name and recently installed CCTV cameras in order to control access. Kumanan had gone there to report on the failure to comply with a recent court ruling in favor of Hinduists who said they were being prevented from worshipping there.
“We call on the Sri Lankan authorities to not let this unacceptable act of violence against Virakesari’s reporter go unpunished,” said Daniel Bastard, the head of RSF’s Asia-Pacific desk. “Allowing journalists to investigate controversial subjects freely is the best way to defuse tension. Ten years after the end of the civil war, the resurgence in attacks by the security forces against Tamil reporters recalls the worst times in Sri Lanka’s history, when it was one of the world’s deadliest countries for journalists.”
The RSF says attempts by journalists to cover the demands of the Tamil minority’s representatives are being met with acts of intimidation from the security forces.
Shanmugam Thavaseelan, a reporter for the Asia Broadcasting Corporation and Tamil Guardian, was arrested by police on trumped-up charges on 20 April in Mullaitivu. Thavaseelan’s real crime was trying to cover a demonstration calling for justice for the Tamil civilians who disappeared during the civil war, the RSF said.
Nadarajah Kugarajah, a reporter for the Tamil TV channel Dan TV, was attacked by several police officers while investigating an arson attack two months before that in Jaffna, and had to be hospitalized with injuries, especially facial injuries.
The media watchdog noted that this resurgence in attacks against Tamil journalists is all the more worrying because, after the Easter Sunday bombings on 21 April, the authorities reactivated the arbitrary detention procedures allowed under the Prevention of Terrorism Act, which were used to intimidate, arrest and even eliminate troublesome journalists during the civil war’s darkest years.
The RSF recalled that the current government in 2015 undertook to end impunity for crimes of violence against journalists by reopening all relevant investigations. However, Four years later, no concrete result has been obtained in any of the investigations into the 14 murders of Sri Lankan journalists between 2003 and 2009 that RSF registered in its barometer of press freedom violations. Similarly, the dozens of cases of torture and intimidation also remain completely unpunished, the media organization said.
The RSF expressed concern over reinstatement of Major Prabath Bulathwatte, who is linked to attacks on at least three journalists, to active duty.
“Worse still, Maj. Prabath Bulathwatte, the former head of an elite police unit tasked with silencing anyone who took too much interest in the activities of the security forces, was recalled into active service three weeks ago. Bulathwatte is the main suspect in many cases of abduction, torture or murders of journalists, including the Sunday Leader’s well known editor Lasantha Wickrematunge, who was killed in January 2009,” the RSF said.
Sri Lanka is ranked 126th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index.